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District Profile

GEOGRAPHY OVERVIEW || PEOPLE & TRIBES
FESTIVALS || TRANSPORTATION || EDUCATION & HEALTH
LONGLENG DISTRICT MAP
Geography Overview


Longleng District is a strip of mountainous territory having no plains and situated in the northern Nagaland. Longleng District is located between longitude 94°E - 95°E and latitude 26°N - 27°N of the Equator. Longleng District has a total area of 1066.80 sq k.m.

Longleng District have One State and 3 District bounderies. On the East it shares boundery with Tuensang and Mon district of Nagaland. On North it has Nagaland’s Inter-State boundary with Assam. On the west it shares boundary with Mokokchung District of Nagaland. On the South it shares boundery with Tuensang and Mokokchung district of Nagaland.

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People & Tribes


Longleng district is the home of the Phom Tribe. The Phomes are hard working , industrious and laborious and sportive tribe by nature and inhabiting the area bounded by Assam in north, Mon district in the East, Tuensang district in south and Mokokchung district in the west.

Though in the past they were fierce headhunters, having rivalry even among the Phomes, but with the advent of Western civilizations like education and Christianity, they have transformed themselves into a refine society and are now rapidly coming up at par with other society of the state, particularly the younger generation.

Thw forefathers of the Phome Tribe practice a ritual to which the early missionaries have term it as Animisms. Today the Phome tribe is Christian and as such the Church plays an important role in their social setup.

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Festivals


The Phoms have 4 major festivals, the most important of which is Monyu. The others are Moha, Bongvum and Paangmo.

Monyu : Monyu is the most important traditional festival of the Phoms. It is a 12-day festival, which marks the end of winter and onset of summer (usually 1-6 April). The festival involves community feasting, dancing, singing and social work (such as repairs and construction of bridges). During the festival, the men present their married daughters or sisters with pure rice beer and special food to show their affection and respect.

One or two days before the festival, its arrival is signaled by beating log drums with a distinct tune called Lan Nyangshem. The priests or the village elders predict whether the festival would bring a blessing or a curse.

Phom Day :One More important festival of Phoms is Phom Day which is celebrated wvery year on 6th June. On this date of th eyear 1952 Phom Pleoples stopped Head Hunting and became loyal to Government.

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Transportation


Roadways :

There are three different major points from where one can reach Longleng headquarter/town.
1. From Dimapur
2. From Kohima
3. From Mokokchung

By Air:

One can either fly up to Dimapur(Nagaland) or Jorhat(Assam) or Dibrugarh(Assam) and come by above roadways to reach Longleng through taxi services.

By Rail:

One can either Reach up to Dimapur(Nagaland) or Amguri(Assam) or Mariani(Assam) and take the services as explained above by Roadways to reach Longleng.

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Education & Health


Education:

As per the report of 2001 Census, literacy rate of Longleng district for male was 89.1%, female literacy rate was 70.7% and total literacy rate was 80.2%.

Health:

The government is paying increasing attention to integrated health, maternity and childcare in rural areas. An increasing number of coming health workers and doctors are being sent to rural health centers

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