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Geography


PHYSIOGRAPHY: Longleng District is a strip of mountainous territory having no plains. It occupies the elongated Northern part of Nagaland State.

LOCATION: Longleng District is located between longitude  94°E - 95°E and latitude 26°N - 27°N of the Equator.

DISTANCE OF HEADQUARTER: From State Capital = 232 K.M. via Mokokchung, From Airport = 345 K.M., From Railhead,  Dimapur = 340 K.M. , Amguri = 100 K.M.

AREA: Longleng District has a total area of 885 Sq. K.M.

LANGUAGES: Phom, Ao, English, Nagamese and Hindi.













TOPOGRAPHY:  The District can be divided into three regions topographically, namely;
  a) Chingmei Range in the Northern part
  b) Shemong Range in the Middle part and
  c) Yingnyu Range in the Southern part.

BOUNDARY:  Longleng District have One State and 3(three) District bounderies. On the East it shares boundery with Tuensang and Mon district of Nagaland. On North it has Nagaland’s Inter-State boundary with Assam. On the west it shares boundary with Mokokchung District of Nagaland. On the South it shares boundery with Tuensang district of Nagaland.

ALTITUDE :   The altitude of the District varies from 150 Mtrs. to 2000 Mtrs. above the sea level. Longleng Town, the Headquarter is around 1100 Mtrs. above sea level.

RIVERS :  The principle rivers that flows through Longleng District includes Dikhu and Yongmon.

POPULATION:   The population of Longleng District is entirely Tribal. The main inhabitants of Longleng District are from the Phom Tribe of Nagas. As per 2011 Census, the total population is 50,593.

LITERACY RATE: The Literacy rate of the District as per 2001 Census is 44.82%, of which 57% are Male and 43% are Female.

Villages Electrified : 38 villages.

Number of Major Town(s) : 1 (Longleng Town)

Number of Small Town(s) : 1 (Tamlu Town)

Number of Recognized Villages : 38

Number of Unrecognized Villages : 0

MINERALS

There is no facilities and infrastructure in the District, but mineral wealth is immense, though unexplored as yet.


INDUSTRIES

Till now there is no such industries in Logleng district. The Inhabitants of the District indicates Promising future in Industry. Industry Projects in Handicrafts and Handloom may be taken up easily in the District.

CLIMATE

Longleng district enjoys monsoon type of climate with a minimum temperature of 10 ° C in winter and a maximum of 28 ° C in summer. The district has a fairly moderate climate where days are warm and nights are cool. Rainy season sets in during the month of May and lasts till October. From November to April, the District has dry weather relatively cool and days are bright and sunny. The average rainfall is between 2000mm and 3000mm


SOCIO-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Rice is the stable food and Agriculture is the main stay of the people of Longleng District. Jhum cultivation is the most common form of agriculture, though wet paddy cultivation is seen practiced by a few in recent times. Some of the agri products include rice, maize, varieties of vegetables, horticultural crops, etc. The low lying areas/Foothills of the District (bordering with Assam) is fertile and has the potential for wet paddy cultivation. Very few of the people are engaged in white collar jobs and majority of the people are agriculturists.

FLORA AND FAUNA

Longleng District is rich in natural vegetation. It enjoys the distinction of being one of the few places in Nagaland where virgin forests are still found.
Sub-Tropical Mixed Forest characterized by broad-leafed evergreen trees and deciduous trees abounds. The main/dominating species in the high altitude are such as Bonsum, Gogra, Alder, Oak species. Also occurs wild cherries and wild  apples, wild lemon, wild banana, wild walnut, wild fig, varieties of edible plants and leaves, and cane and reed at selected places.  At the foothill, Gomari, Holloc, Koroi, Mesua, Tita-Chapa, Neem, Wild Mango, Amla and Bamboo species are the dominant species. Varities of shrubs, herbs -many with medicinal values, climbers, ferns and grasses. Varieties of bamboo are found in patches throughout the District. There also occurs a rare species of bamboo - finger size and cane - like in structure.
The verdant forest of the District is also home to variety of fauna - a paradise for animals and birds lovers and researchers. Dominant wild animals includes Stag, Bear, Mithun, Sloth, Barking Deer, Mountain Deer, Wild Hog, the rare Pangolin, varieties of Monkeys, varieties of wild cats, varieties of Porcupine, Flying Fox, Flying Squirrel, Himalayan Giant Squirrel and other different varieties of squirrels, Civet Cats, snakes, Python, Otter etc. The rivulets and rivers teem with different varieties of fishes and other water creatures, of which trout is rare species.
Dominant birds includes Hornbill, varieties of pigeons including royal pigeon, parrot, mama, mountain peacock, the rare and elusive Blythe's Tragopan, varieties of jungle fowls, and other varieties of smaller birds.
 


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